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The symptoms of low testosterone usually creep up upon you slowly and quitely. Because of this, many guys ignore their low testosterone symptoms for months or even years: they literally get used to to feeling lousy and functioning poorly. But that can be a deadly mistake as I'll show below.
The symptoms of low testosterone can also fool a guy because they are so ubiquitous. By that I mean that testosterone affects EVERYTHING in the male. It affects our brain, our libido, our muscles, our blood - the list goes on and on. Of course, the number one thing in most guys' mind is how it affects their sex life. Low testosterone affects both libido and erectile strength to varying degrees and that obviously isn't too good for the ol' sex life.
However, common symptoms also include depression, mental fogginess/fuzziness, difficulty concentrating, anxiety, loss of muscle, increased weight gain, decreased facial hair and a general feeling of not caring about anything. When you are low on testosterone, you often just don't care about anything - you just "exist". Pleasure and desire can be greatly decreased greatly affecting your career and your relationships.
Fortunatly, verification of low testosterone levels is then rather simple: you go to the doctor and he does some blood work and three days later you get the results. The Official Level for low testosterone level is an abyssmal 260 ng/dL and often doctors won't diagnose you as low testosterone (b>hypogonadal)) unless you are at or below this incredibly low figure.
But you need to realize that 260 is VERY low testosterone and is an outdated and arbitrary statistical figure. In all reality, if you're below about 350, you will probably begin to experience long term health issues and many of the symptoms that I list below. I am mentioning this, because I get letters from guys all the time saying that their doctors say it is okay for them to have testosterone levels in the 200's or low 300's. If that is your situation, I encourage you to discuss the deadly long term health consequences of low testosterone that I list below for you.
If you get down to the 200's, there's a good chance that you won't care about much of anything in your life, especially sex. This was verified in a study  from China where guys with low testosterone (average=268) were compared with guys with normal (average=553) levels. Read the typical symptoms for the poor guys on the low side: "89 percent of the subjects suffering from low testosterone reported a lack of energy; 79 percent reported erectile dysfunction; 70 percent reported a loss of pubic hair; and 66 percent reported a decrease in sexual endurance.. From this data, the researchers concluded that low levels of testosterone are directly related to both advanced age and diminished sex drive."
Sadly enough, a lot of guys won't do anything about low testosterone until they begin to experience signs and symptoms of impotence and erectile dysfunction. Penile muscles are packed with androgen receptors, i.e. your penis needs testosterone or the penile muscles literally atrophy. That means you cannot trap the blood necessary for an erection leading to poor performance and the ensuing performance anxiety that follows.
This is try for both young and old by the way. One study found that low testosterone is a factor in 20 percent of young men under 30 with erectile problems. I find it to be an extremely common issue in the letters that I get from the younger guys. 
Kegel Exercises can help you get these muscles back in shape, but you still need the testosterone for your brain and long term health. (You also need lots of Nitric Oxide and good blood flow. See the Erection Repair Guide and the Erection Supplementation Guide for details.)
By the way, one recent Boston University School of Medicine study discovered that testosterone actually guards and protects the penile nerve fibers.  In other words, at least in rats, low testosterone levels means nerve deterioration. No wonder low testosterone is so related to erectile dysfunction!
So if the doc tells you a reading of 350 is fine, you can always do the reverse of what I tell you on this site: for a few days prior to your blood test try to decrease your testosterone: eat a high fiber, low fat diet with little saturated fat all the while you're overtraining on little sleep. That ought to whack a good 30% off your score. But a better solution is to just get a new doctor. You want to work with someone who is not living in 80's as far as medical knowledge and practice.
Why do I say that? Because the symptoms of low testosterone are just plain dangerous. Low testosterone is associated with heart disease, depression , Metabolic Syndrome , diabetes , cognitive disorders and even osteoporosis. It is no exaggeration to say that low testosterone is the Kiss of Death for all you male homo sapiens out there. A 2007 study found that low testosterone was associated with increased risk of death from heart disease, cancer and all causes.  So please, please do NOT accept your doctor's opinion that testosterone in the 200's or 300's is okay.
One of the reasons that low testosterone is so deadly is that it somehow effects all the major cardiovascular markers. One recent large scale epidemiological study found that low testosterone men, < 250, were 1) fatter, 2) had lower HDL, 3) higher triglycerides, 4) higher blood pressure and 5) higher blood glucose.  That is a deadly combination! The low testosterone men were tracked over 18 years and it was found that they had a 40% higher death rate from all causes!
Low testosterone will also often put your relationships and career at jeopardy as well, because testosterone so strongly effects the male brain. For example, supplemental testosterone can aid certain types of memory in men. Working memory, which allows you to manipulate information over brief periods of time in order to make a response, improves. Verbal memory, which helps you recall lists of words, and spatial memory, which helps you navigate a route, also benefit.  (By the way, I cover many ways that science has found to re-build your brain on this site. See this link on the Brain for more information about how to build your cognition and memory no matter what your age.)
I should also mention that low testosterone is associated with increased risk of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) as well! How's that for an ugly symptom? The well-known Baltimore Longitudinal Study showed this strong correlation do dementia. Researchers are still trying to figure out why, but studies of rat brain cells found that the hormone limits the production of beta-amyloid peptides. These sticky protein fragments, thought to be a prime contributor to Alzheimer's, build up into small, round deposits and clog the brains of people with the disease.
The hormone also may help ward off AD by directly preventing brain cell death. In studies, researchers manipulated human brain cells, sending them on a course to die. Adding doses of testosterone, however, limited the [brain] cell death."
No wonder that low testosterone leads to depression, feeling like you're "in a fog" and difficulties concentrating! Your libido will probably sag and you may find that you really don't care about much of anything. Low testosterone can even easily lead to anxiety and depression as well. Remember: these are not just symptoms - low testosterone effects your brain chemistry at its core.
On top of all that low testosterone men tend to be slightly sleep deprived because research has shown that low testosterone leads to poor quality sleep.  This is probably due to the extra adiposity (body fat) that comes from decreased muscle mass. You need your testosterone to burn that fat off your midsection!
I should also mention, though, that one recent study found that many males with low testosterone, defined as < 300, were asymptomatic. In fact, that study found that almost 50% of males in the 50+ age range had no significant symptoms with low testosterone.  In other words, there is a significant percentage of you and your friends out there, generally in the 40+ age range, that are walking around with low testosterone and are actually not even exhibiting symptoms. That is why I would advise any middle-aged and beyond guy to occasionally get his testosterone checked even if he's "feeling pretty good".
The bottom line is that you need your testosterone. It's the heart and soul of the male physiology and psychology. But I thought it was dangerous to boost your testosterone you may ask? (Please read my link on the Prostate to find how to greatly improve your odds against Prostate Cancer.) Remember: I'm not a doctor, so you should talk to yours. But I want to point out that decades of studies have shown time and again that there is no link between prostate cancer and testosterone supplementation.
Testosterone is a natural substance INCREDIBLY important to your male body and mind. If your levels are low, testosterone supplementation is not abuse: it's simply getting your hormone levels back in line. Remember: your goal is not to be Barry Bonds with sky high testosterone levels so you can compete with other ten million dollar elite athletes. You are simply trying to get your tissue levels back reasonably close to the days of your youth. All these nasty symptoms can go away in a day if you get rid of your low testosterone.
Again, what is really dangerous is to NOT boost your testosterone. Low testosterone symptoms are not just symptoms: low testosterone levels will literally kill you (and before that probably make you miserable and impotent). So, please, get to the doctor and get tested if you have any doubt. (And don't be afraid to get tested again: testosterone readings can sometimes be off.)
So what do you do if you find you are low testosterone? Well, it depends on your reading. If you're just a little low, say in the 400's, you can try to raise your testosterone naturally. I cover many ways on this site to boost testosterone, including Sex, High Testosterone Diet, Sleep and your Mind. I also write about some of the common things that attack your testosterone such as Testosterone Lowerers, being Overweight, Overtraining and even Pesticides/Endocrine Disruptors. You can put all these together and sometimes boost your testosterone 30% or more.
However, if you are in the low 300's or 200's consistently, then I recommend that you read my HRT (Testosterone Therapy) link. You need to double or triple your testosterone levels and you're probably not going to do that through lifestyle changes. But do what you have to do. Don't leave yourself exposed to a lifetime of heart disease, depression, anxiety, diabetes, metabolic syndrome and other symptoms associated with low testosterone!
More to come later...
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2) Intl J Impotence Research, 2007
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6) Saving Your Brain, Jeff Victoroff, p. 135
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88) Arch Gen Psychiatry, 2008, 65:283-289
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10) J Sexual Med, 2008, 5(Suppl I):4-41
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