PEAK TESTOSTERONE

HCG Versus LH (Luteinizing Hormone)

HCG is currently very popular with several groups of men here in the U.S.:

a) Secondary hypogonadal men on TRT (testosterone replacement therapy)

b) Secondary hypogonadal men on HCG Monotherapy

c) Men interested in improving their fertility

I  myself have used low dose HCG for about six months to a year and plan to go on it soon.  The reason is that HCG can keep the testes active and in working order.  Normally, straight TRT shuts down the testes, and they essentially go dormant.  Should you ever have to go off of TRT for some reason, such as high PSA or hematocrit, you should (according to this school of thought) have no trouble restarting your testosterone if you have taken HCG and responded to it.  (Talk to your doctor of course.)

How would a man on TRT know if he has responded to HCG?  The easiest way is to see if the size of your testes have increased.  In fact, this is probably the #1 reason that men on TRT use HCG:  they don't like the testicular shrinkage that can occur where their body's own production of testosterone shuts down.  HCG can add back in volume to the testes usually in 3-4 weeks.

So with all the benefits of HCG, I think it is worth noting some of the very significant differences between HCG and LH.  Yes, HCG and LH bind to the same receptor, but that is where the similarity ends.  As you will see below, I believe it is wise to go lower dose with HCG for reasons outlined below.  (Some of the endocrinology dosages are VERY high.  See my page on Common Dosages for HCG.

1. Longer Half-Life.  HCG has a much longer half life than LH. Remember that LH is secreted by the pituitary in pulses that stimulate the Leydig cells in the testes to produce testosterone.

2. Placental versus Adult Stimulation.  HCG is a very powerful placental hormone for a developing fetus.  It has a powerful stimulatory effect on multiple systems and is long-lasting in order to achieve a more stable and powerful effect.  LH is actually an older molecule, present in all vertebrates, and is critical to adults.

3. Receptor Binding.  Greater receptor binding affiinity to the LH receptor. [1]

4. Increased VEGF and Angiogenesis.  HCG is considered safe and is used by thousands of men for the above purposes, but one potential concern, especially at higher dosages in older men, could be stimulation of VEGF and angiogenesis.  Basically, these term refer to HCG's miraculous powers to simulate vascularity and tissue growth in a growing and developing fetus.  The problem is that VEGF in older individuals (and angiogenesis) is associated with the initiation and spread of cancer. [2][3] Cancers are the kings of unstoppable growth and feed off of VEGF. One study commented that "it is now believed that hCG is involved in placentation through activities such as maintaining angiogenesis of the uterine vasculature and promoting differentiation of cytotrophoblasts into syncytiotrophoblasts." [1]

5. Different Gene Expression and Signaling.  Both HCG and LH bind to the same receptor and thus produce similar physical effects, right?  Interestingly enough, the answer is that, while both do bind to the receptor, they produce some very different downstream results.  The reason for this appears to be that they initiate differing patterns of gene expression, i.e. trigger different proteins used metabolically by the body. This should actually not be a surprise when you consider that HCG and LH serve very different functions and purposes.

CONCLUSION:  In my opinion, dosage with HCG is critical.  This is a very powerful hormone, and research is ongoing as to exactly what effects it produces in adults.  In men, HCG is particularly poorly understood outside of its effects on testosterone and fertility.  And, as always, I will comment that, if a little is good, more will not always be better.

REFERENCES:

1) Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, Mar 2014, 383(1-2):203-213,"Luteinizing hormone and human chorionic gonadotropin: Origins of difference"

2) Oncology, 2005, 69 Suppl 3:4-10, "VEGF as a key mediator of angiogenesis in cancer"

3) "Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) and Its Role in Non-Endothelial Cells: Autocrine Signalling by VEGF", Angela M. Duffy, David J. Bouchier-Hayes, and Judith H. Harmey.