Kent Holtorf cites this study in one of his presentations:
The uptake and efflux of reverse triiodothyronine (rT3) in JAr cells were investigated. Uptake of 125I-rT3 was time dependent and reversible with a saturable component of around 70 per cent of total uptake after 30 min of incubation. Efflux was not saturable. Kinetic analysis of the initial specific uptake rates revealed an uptake process with a Michaelis constant of 3.04+/-0.53 microM (mean+/-SEM, n=15) and a corresponding maximum velocity of 9.65+/-2.49 pmol/min/mg protein (n=15). Uptake of rT3 was stereospecific, but not specific for rT3, as unlabelled L stereoisomers of thyroid hormone analogues were more effective as inhibitors of 125I-rT3 uptake than rT3. Unlabelled T3 and thyroxine (T4) (10 microM) reduced cellular uptake of 125I-rT3 by around 82 and 74 per cent, respectively. The calculated inhibition constants Ki were 1.23+/-0.29 microM (n=4) and 0.66+/-0.19 microM (n=4) for T3 and T4, respectively. Similarly, rT3 reduced cellular uptake of 125I-T3 and 125I-T4 by 34 and 23 per cent, respectively.
The calculated inhibition constants Ki were 1.75+/-0.55 microM (n=8) and 1.08+/-0.36 microM (n=8) for the inhibition of 125I-T3 and 125I-T4 uptake, respectively. Reverse T3 inhibited efflux of 125I-T3 from the cells by around 20 per cent, but did not inhibit efflux of 125I-T4. These results suggest that uptake of rT3 in JAr cells may occur via a single, saturable membrane carrier, which also interacts with T3 and T4, while efflux of rT3 may occur by passive diffusion.
The reason I'm looking for something like this is to explain why some people have bad effects from T4-only medications, such as levothyroxin. The only other alternatives are pretty obscure references, like Ray Peat
, not exactly known for orthodox opinions, who cites a study
(though the abstract doesn't reveal this particular statement) in saying that brain slices administered T4 showed a 6% reduction in cellular respiration, which he used as evidence that T4 without the proper ability to convert to T3 (i.e., poor liver function, ironically part of the hypothyroid picture for many patients) causes more harm than good.
As excellent a researcher as Peat is, nowhere does he say that rT3 inhibits cellular uptake of thyroid hormone, T3 or T4.